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 By: shirley wee (offline)  Saturday, August 04 2012 @ 04:05 AM CDT (Read 743 times)
shirley wee

Urghh... These questions are so complicated! Can you help me solve these question?

1. Hotel Hollywood and Hotel Broadway had a total of 5200 guests. After 3/4 of the guests in Hotel Hollywood and 3/5 of the guests in Hotel Broadway checked out, Hotel Broadway had 260 more guests than Hotel Hollywood. How many guests did Hotel Hollywood have at first?

2. In a concert, 5/6 of the audience were adults and the rest were children. 1/4 of the adults were men and 3/8 of the children were girls. If there were 450 more female than male audience in the concert, how many women were there?

Chatty

Registered: 02/28/12
Posts: 68

 By: echeewh (offline)  Monday, August 06 2012 @ 09:31 AM CDT
echeewh

Hey Shirley,

Following pls find my worked solution:

Q1.

Using <Work Backwards> to draw model from <After> to <Before>

<After>

B |----|<-260->|
H |----|

<Process>
3/4 of the guests in H and 3/5 of the guests in B checked out.

B: (2/5) --> 1p + 260
(5/5) --> [(1p + 260) x 5] / 2 = (5p/2) + 650

H: (1/4) --> 1p
(4/4) --> 4p

<Before>

B |-----|-----|--|<-----650---->|
H |-----|-----|-----|-----|

We can now divide 1p into 2 equal units (u) as follows for both B and H models.

B |--|--|--|--|--|<-----650---->|
H |--|--|--|--|--|--|--|--|

Given that there were 5200 guests in both B and H at first, we have ...

13u + 650 --> 5200
13u --> 5200 - 650 = 4550
1u --> 350

H (at first) = 8u --> 8 x 350 = 2800

Alternative method to use (without drawing model) is the Simultaneous method as shown below:

H + B = 5200 -- (1)
(2/5)B - (1/4)H = 260 -- (2)

Transforming (2) to whole numbers ...
(2)x20:
8B - 5H = 5200 -- (3)

Since question is to find number of guests in H at first, we eliminate (B ) as follows:

(1)x8:
8H + 8B = 41600 -- (4)

Comparing (3),(4) ...
(4)-(3):
8H + 5H --> 41600 - 5200
13H --> 36400
H --> 2800

=======================================

Q2

Using ratio and <Restating the Problem> technique, we have ..

A : C
5 : 1 --> (1)

A --> M : W
****** 1 : 3 --> (2)

C --> B : G
****** 5 : 3 --> (3)

Since C = 1p while B+G = 8u, we have ...

(1)x8:

A : C
40 : 8 --> (4)

Now that A = 40p while M+W = 4u, we have ...

(2)x10:

A --> M : W
***** 10 : 30 --> (5)

We use ratios in (3), (4), (5) to calculate the following:

Given that there were 450 more female than male audience in the concert, we have ...

Females = W + G = 30u + 3u = 33u
Males = M + B = 10u + 5u = 15u

Females - Males = 450
33u - 15u --> 450
18u --> 450
1u --> 25

W = 30u --> 30 x 25 = 750

===========================

Trust the above helps.

Do let me know again if these do not agree with your Answerkey or if you have further clarification.

Cheers,
Edward

Active Member

Registered: 04/21/11
Posts: 627

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